Our face is the first thing that we see when we get ready in the morning. It is the first thing that someone notices when they meet us.

Taking care of skin is so important. Whether you’re in your teens or mid forties, whether you’re male or female. We all need to take time to care for our skin.

To understand why should we care for our skin let’s go to the root i.e our skin’s anatomy. 

How is our skin designed?

Our skin is mainly made of three layers, epidermis, dermis, hypodermis.

The epidermis is the topmost layer which is seen to the naked eye. The epidermis itself consists for four more layers. It is this layer that gives you an indication on your skin’s health. It is a shield against infection and provides a water barrier.

The dermis is the middle layer, containing blood vessels, hair roots, nerves and glands( sebaceous glands, sweat glands). It is in this layer that we find a protein called collagen and elastin. Collagen is the protein that provides the skin its strength and elastin is the protein that gives the skin its flexibility. As we age the production of collagen and elastin decreases therefore making the skin droop and lose its firmness. The sebaceous glands found in this layer produce sebum, an oily substance that travels through the hair shafts to the epidermis creating a barrier to avoid loss of moisture.

The hypodermis is the bottom most layer containing fat, nerves and blood vessels. This fat layer acts as a cushion and also can be used as an energy source when needed.

Now that we’ve understood the science behind how our skin’s made, let’s understand what affects the health of our skin.

Unhealthy food habits

Too much exposure to the sun

Excessive consumption of Alcohol and Smoking

Irregular sleep pattern


No exercise



How to care for your skin?

 The very first step is to know your skin type- Normal, Combination, Oily, Dry

Normal skin– has a balance in its water and oil layer. Generally has an even skin texture with small pores. 

Combination skin– has an oily T-zone due to large pores on the forehead, nose and chin with dry spots on the rest of the face. 

Oily skin– Coarse texture of the skin, has enlarged pores and has frequent breakouts, black/whiteheads

Dry skin– Chapped, flaky rough texture with minute pores. 

No matter your skin type, making healthy diet choices makes a big difference to the skin. Consumes food rich in vitamin A, B, C, D, E & fats. Since our skin contains around 65% water hydration is key and there is no substitute beverage to water.

Next, have an AM & PM  skin care routine. 

Normal/ Combination skin- 

Should use gel, foam or balm based cleanser.

Tone and moisturise with light weight water or gel based moisturiser. (make sure products mention oil free on the packaging)

Use gentle (physical) exfoliants maximum twice a week and apply a nourishing mask once at least twice a month.

Oily skin-

Should use gel or foam based cleanser at least twice a day.

Tone with an alcohol free toner and moisturise with lightweight non- greasy creams either water or gel based. (make sure products mention oil free on the packaging)

Use gentle (physical) exfoliants maximum twice a week and apply a nourishing mask once at least twice a month.

Dry skin-

Should use richer cleansers

Can layer skin care products eg a lightweight oil layered by a rich moisturiser.

Don’t over moisturise as the skin may appear greasy. 

Use a gentle exfoliant once a week

AM routine

Cleanse, tone, moisturise, sunscreen (daily)

PM routine

Cleanse, tone,spot treatment,serum,eye cream, moisturise

Double cleanse at night if you wear makeup or sunscreen

Exfoliate ( at most twice a week)

Mask (at least twice a month) 


If you use AHA, BHA, Vit C in your skin care use them separately. 

BHA’s are more of a spot treatment 

AHA’s and Vit c Serum should be used on alternative days and in your night routine. 

And remember to always wear sunscreen.

If you’re in your teens and early 20’s keep your skin care routine simple-  cleanse, tone, moisturise and use a  physical exfoliant once/twice a week.

If you are in your early 30’s you can add chemical exfoliants in your skin care. Slowly introduce it in your routine as they are chemical acids.

If you’ve crossed 40 added retinol in your routine is good. However consulting a skin specialist is advised.

Hopefully this article helps you decide on the best skin care routine for you.

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