From beginner to a professional

Natasha is an established Mua with 20 years of experience in the makeup industry. An educator, entrepreneur and lover of all things creative. She co-founded the first of its kind educational institute for aspiring makeup artist ‘Fat-mu’ 13 years ago in Mumbai India.

After flying for 8 years, she decided to walk a different route and mastered the art of makeup. Today a sort after Mua and well-known name in the industry I was fortunate to get a few moments to interview her.

Due to a mismatched scheduled, we weren’t able to do a video interview. Hence the text interview is a summary of the key highlights of my discussion with Natasha, founder of Fat Mu.

Tell us a bit about your journey and what challenges did you face.

My journey began with the end of my career in the aviation industry. Having flown for 8 years as a member of the cabin crew I decided it was time to get my feet back on land. I loved travelling and wanted to incorporate my love for travel into my new adventure. Coming from a family of artists, it felt right to go back to my roots. That’s where my adventure with the world of makeup began.

After my certification in London, I juggled two internships to hone my craft. Finally, I decided to come back to India and work. And that gave rise to Fat mu.

I had to overcome a lot of hurdles. Being creatively inclined I also had to learn the technical part of running a business. Dealing with vendors, clients meeting deadlines, growing a team and building on the brand. It all was a learning experience. This pandemic too has served as a teacher to take a moment and evaluate.

What would your advice be to newcomers?

Always hone your craft. Take up challenges and accept criticism with a pinch of salt. Keep learning. Not just your skill but be an all rounder and build your brand. Define what sets you apart.

Colour theory for design in makeup and fashion

Why colour theory?

Ever noticed someone’s outfit or makeup looking perfecting harmonious at an event. How do designers create such jaw dropping outfits or painters create masterpieces with a couple of colours?

The common connection among these is the selection of the right colours. Colours when combined correctly can be used to enhance the features of the subject matter. The easiest way to understand how certain colours when worn together can make or break the look, is to understand the concept of colour theory.

Now don’t worry, this isn’t a complex and lengthy theory like the ones we studied during science class. Understanding the concept of colour theory is simple and its application is even more simple.

HISTORY OF COLOUR THEORY

The concept of colour theory dates back to a few centuries. Sir Isaac Newton was the first to lay the foundation when he discovered the ‘visible spectrum of light’ back in the 17th century. Quarantined in his room to avoid the plague that ravaged England, he discovered a single beam of white light peeking through the crack split into an array of colours when it passed through the prism.   

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe began his own experiments with colour. His background as a painter and artist led to a fascination with the phenomena of colour but disagreed with newtons scientific approach. Leading him to do his own experiments which were quite similar to newton but much more in depth and richer in understanding. Goethe also went into detail about the psychological aspects of colours and their relationship to human emotions and behavioural traits.

The modern-day colour wheel is based on the colour wheel Johann came up with.

Left – Newton’s asymmetric colour wheel based on musical intervals. Mixing “rays” in amounts given by the circles yields colour “z

Right- Goethe’s symmetric colour wheel with ‘reciprocally evoked colours’

TYPES-

 RGB- RED, GREEN, BLUE
RYB- RED,YELLOW,BLUE  

                                                           

The RYB model is used by painters or illustrators, makeup artist, decorators.

The RGB model is used by videographers, photographers- basically used in print and digital medium.

COLOUR THEORY DEFINITION

Colour theory is the practical combination of art and science that’s used to conclude which colours look best together.

Colour theory is a concept used by people in various fields. Painters, decorators, photographers, fashion designers, makeup artist are some of the examples by who colour theory is utilised. All the above mentioned utilise colour theory in various capacities of their work life.

The colour wheel is the best way to understand colour theory and its various elements

COLOUR WHEEL at a  glance

Breaking the colour wheel to understand each element

PRIMARY COLOURS

The three main colours in the colour wheel that are essential and act as the base for the creation of all the other colours.

They are the hues that cannot be produced by mixing other colours together

Red, Blue, Yellow

SECONDARY COLOURS

These colours come into existence when two primary colours are mixed.

The hues that are produced by mixing equal proportions of pairs of primary colours

ORANGE = Red+ Yellow

GREEN = Yellow+ Blue

VIOLET = Blue+ Red

TERTIARY COLOURS

These colours come into existence when a primary and a secondary colour are mixed.

Example- TURQUOISE = Green (secondary) + Blue (primary)

With these tiers of colours understood you can create an endless number of combinations resulting in a new colour.

With this nunderstood let’s dive a little deeper into colour theory

COMPLIMENTARY COLOURS

This set of two colours is found opposite to each other on the colour wheel.

Example- Red + Green

                Orange + Blue

               Violet + Yellow

Tip

 – When two complimentary colours are mixed together or placed one over the other               they neutralise or cancel each other out.

( That is why when applying makeup, if a person has dark circles we use and orange corrector to cancel the darkness as dark circles have an purple blue colour to them)

-When two complimenttary colours are placed next to each other they enhance each other out.

(when pairing outfits you match your top with your bottom or your jewellery to your outfit. If you’re designing a room or space you keep the colour scheme cohesive by choosing colours that compliment each other. )

ANALOGOUS COLOURS

These colours are found beside or next to each other on the colour wheel. They harmonies and can be creatively used together for both makeup, Portrait painting and fashion.

Examples    

MONOCHROMATIC COLOURS

This consists of one basic hue in different values or a single colour with different intensities.

Examples  

Having understood these elements of the colour theory, you can create endless combination with respect to outfits, makeup, painting, design, decor etc.

Throughout the article you must’ve come across terms like HUE, INTENSITY, VALUE, TINT, SHADE. More often than ever these words are commonly interchanged or used in place of another. But each of these terms have a specific explanation to them.

 TERMS

Hue – A hue is used to define a separate colour or a colour in its purest form. Example – Purple, Red, Blue

Tint– A tint refers to any colour/ hue that has been lightened by the addition of white. Tints have a very high colour value. Pastel shades are a tint.

Example – white + orange = Peach (tint)

Shades – A shade refers to any colour/ hue that has been darkened by the addition of black.  Shades have a very low colour value.

Example – Black + orange = Rust (shade)

Value – Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a colour. A low intensity colour i.e.  shade will always appear darker or duller compared to its contrast a high intensity colour i.e.  tint will always appear ashier.

Intensity – This describes the brightness or dullness of a colour. Example – a clear red is brighter than a duller burgundy.

If you’re interested in learning about fashion designing and styling check out https://shrusara.com/embroidery-and-its-highlights/

To learn more on styling for your body type check out https://stylishgeetha.com/six-types-of-body-shapes-of-women/

Learn which outfits flatters your body type besthttps://wardrobescout.com/how-to-dress-for-your-body-shape/

SKIN CARE

Our face is the first thing that we see when we get ready in the morning. It is the first thing that someone notices when they meet us.

Taking care of skin is so important. Whether you’re in your teens or mid forties, whether you’re male or female. We all need to take time to care for our skin.

To understand why should we care for our skin let’s go to the root i.e our skin’s anatomy. 

How is our skin designed?

Our skin is mainly made of three layers, epidermis, dermis, hypodermis.

The epidermis is the topmost layer which is seen to the naked eye. The epidermis itself consists for four more layers. It is this layer that gives you an indication on your skin’s health. It is a shield against infection and provides a water barrier.

The dermis is the middle layer, containing blood vessels, hair roots, nerves and glands( sebaceous glands, sweat glands). It is in this layer that we find a protein called collagen and elastin. Collagen is the protein that provides the skin its strength and elastin is the protein that gives the skin its flexibility. As we age the production of collagen and elastin decreases therefore making the skin droop and lose its firmness. The sebaceous glands found in this layer produce sebum, an oily substance that travels through the hair shafts to the epidermis creating a barrier to avoid loss of moisture.

The hypodermis is the bottom most layer containing fat, nerves and blood vessels. This fat layer acts as a cushion and also can be used as an energy source when needed.

Now that we’ve understood the science behind how our skin’s made, let’s understand what affects the health of our skin.

Unhealthy food habits

Too much exposure to the sun

Excessive consumption of Alcohol and Smoking

Irregular sleep pattern

Stress

No exercise

Dehydration

Environment 

How to care for your skin?

 The very first step is to know your skin type- Normal, Combination, Oily, Dry

Normal skin– has a balance in its water and oil layer. Generally has an even skin texture with small pores. 

Combination skin– has an oily T-zone due to large pores on the forehead, nose and chin with dry spots on the rest of the face. 

Oily skin– Coarse texture of the skin, has enlarged pores and has frequent breakouts, black/whiteheads

Dry skin– Chapped, flaky rough texture with minute pores. 

No matter your skin type, making healthy diet choices makes a big difference to the skin. Consumes food rich in vitamin A, B, C, D, E & fats. Since our skin contains around 65% water hydration is key and there is no substitute beverage to water.

Next, have an AM & PM  skin care routine. 

Normal/ Combination skin- 

Should use gel, foam or balm based cleanser.

Tone and moisturise with light weight water or gel based moisturiser. (make sure products mention oil free on the packaging)

Use gentle (physical) exfoliants maximum twice a week and apply a nourishing mask once at least twice a month.

Oily skin-

Should use gel or foam based cleanser at least twice a day.

Tone with an alcohol free toner and moisturise with lightweight non- greasy creams either water or gel based. (make sure products mention oil free on the packaging)

Use gentle (physical) exfoliants maximum twice a week and apply a nourishing mask once at least twice a month.

Dry skin-

Should use richer cleansers

Can layer skin care products eg a lightweight oil layered by a rich moisturiser.

Don’t over moisturise as the skin may appear greasy. 

Use a gentle exfoliant once a week

AM routine

Cleanse, tone, moisturise, sunscreen (daily)

PM routine

Cleanse, tone,spot treatment,serum,eye cream, moisturise

Double cleanse at night if you wear makeup or sunscreen

Exfoliate ( at most twice a week)

Mask (at least twice a month) 

Tip-

If you use AHA, BHA, Vit C in your skin care use them separately. 

BHA’s are more of a spot treatment 

AHA’s and Vit c Serum should be used on alternative days and in your night routine. 

And remember to always wear sunscreen.

If you’re in your teens and early 20’s keep your skin care routine simple-  cleanse, tone, moisturise and use a  physical exfoliant once/twice a week.

If you are in your early 30’s you can add chemical exfoliants in your skin care. Slowly introduce it in your routine as they are chemical acids.

If you’ve crossed 40 added retinol in your routine is good. However consulting a skin specialist is advised.

Hopefully this article helps you decide on the best skin care routine for you.

Your go to guide if you are someone who works the night shift and aims to stay fit. Learn from the quick read

https://curiousityculture.com/how-to-stay-fit-during-night-shift/